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Enactment of federal legislation, such as the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), has significantly changed how colleges and universities maintain and release student records. These laws, in combination with state laws, establish who controls disclosure of records, the right to inspect and review them and regulates the ability to amend the records by students, parents or others. University administrators must balance federal and state laws in order to protect student privacy and prevent potential litigation issues.

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